The total area covers 9,579,000 km2 of China, and is the third largest country in the world. It is roughly 300 times larger than the Netherlands or 330 times larger than Belgium. This allows the easy terms of area compared to Western Europe passed. The longest straight distance is over 5000 km and corresponds to the distance Hammerfest Athens. It is possible to make a few general classifications of the land which is useful for the orientation:

 - The vast plains of the North East
 - The hilly and watered southeastern part
 - Lössplateau of the Central China
 - The highlands of Tibet and Qinghai
 - The desert and steppe regions of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia

The geographical history of the country was determined by the rise of the Central Highlands which also gave rise to the high mountains in the provinces of Yunnan and Sichuan. On this plateau spring some of the world's largest rivers: the Yangtze (Changjiang) and Yellow River (Huang He). Millions of years these waterways flow through the Chinese already high and lowland, while billions of tons of silt carried along. The whole Chinese plains formed by deposits of silt, and this process is still at an alarmingly fast progresses.
If anywhere in the world who have contributed to the changes of the landscape, then it is in China. The unrestricted use of wood has large areas of central China have been stripped of vegetation so that the erosion and the freedom he has. The current government is doing everything to stop this process, which is also seeking the rapid desertification combat (for example, in Inner Mongolia).

Climatically China has major differences. Much of the east populated lowlands. It is located in the temperate to subtropical areas with a relatively warm and humid climate in those areas where the ocean influence. Further inland the climate is determined by the huge massif of Central Asia, which creates a severe continental climate. Of course, here too that as you get higher the temperature decreases proportionally (about 7 degrees per 1000 meters).

If we want to describe the climate for each region, we obtain the following classification:

The north and the coastal provinces
Broadly stated it can be said that in summer the subtropical influence predominates in the winter when the wind blows from the north, a dry (Siberian) climate. Especially on the coast in summer is very hot and humid. On the coast, high precipitation in the form of rain fall which in spring and autumn the southern and central part of the country affected, in the summer, the northern coastal areas.

The South
The southern provinces bordering Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar, in contrast to the lowlands rather hilly with average heights between 500 and 2000 meters. Depending on the height here throughout the year be considered a subtropical to temperate climates. At the foot of the mountains (eg in Yunnan) may easterly winds much rainfall.

The Tibetan Plateau
The central part, Tibet / Qinghai Plateau is its average altitude of 4500 meters is not comparable to other parts of China. The average temperature is not above 15 ° C, although the intense solar radiation on the ground (eg in the sheltered valleys) can cause unexpectedly high temperatures. The summers are generally cool and the winters are extremely cold. The percentage of annual rainfall is low, but in the summer under the influence of moist air from India to increase the rain chances, especially at the end of the day.

The West
The West has a purely continental climate with hot dry summers and severe winters. The temperature differences between summer and winter can reach over 80 ° C! Very warm in the Tarim plain, where the driest desert on earth is located (the Taklimakan) and Hami-Turfan rift that even 160 meters below sea level. It is therefore not without reason known as the furnace of China. Summer daytime temperatures can exceed 50 ° C to rise!